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U.S Hegemony in the face of treat from terrorism,China and Russia. - Alldamoney

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U.S Hegemony in the face of treat from terrorism,China and Russia.


Global hegemony as defined by Richard B. Du Boff 2003 is a situation which one nation-state plays a predominant role in organizing, regulating, and stabilizing the world political economy. The use of armed force has always been an inseparable part of hegemony and depends on the economic resources at the disposal of the state.  Britain ruled the waves from 1815 to 1913, but by the 1890s she was under economic challenge from the United States and Germany, and between the two world wars was no longer able to function as underwriter to the world system.
U.S. hegemony began during the Second World War and peaked some thirty years later. The United States still has immense unequalled power in international economics and politics, but even as the sole superpower it finds itself less able than it once was to influence and control the course of events abroad. Its military supremacy is no longer match the economic and political spheres one time influenced such that during the golden years from 1944–1971 the United States was unable to avoid military defeat in Vietnam and a draw in Korea.
The September 11 2001, terrorist attacks on both New York and Washington defined a turning point in the history of terrorism. It did transform how international affairs are carried out in reference to U.S. military power response on a global scale that resulted in the forceful eviction of the Taliban regime and its Al Qaeda sponsors from Afghanistan, while expanding basing rights and military cooperation in Central and South Asia. It struck and defeated Saddam Hussein’s army in Iraq after unsuccessfully seeking United Nations endorsement.

Prior to the war in Afghanistan the view was that the US was a confused and crippled giant led by an inexperienced President but the political response which followed, the unexpected and speedy defeat of the Taliban, and the fact that this was achieved with minimal support from allies (The US did 98% of the fighting) this and subsequent terror attacks both on the U.S and its allies have one way or the order stretched the influence wielded by the United States as a sole world power.
It’s well known that the economic foundations of U.S. hegemony revealed cracks during the 2008 global financial crisis  compared  to  the Chinese  economy  that has enjoyed a growth of over 10%  during the past years. America's  military escapades in Afghanistan and Iraq have taken their  toll making the United States now showing signs of  war weariness as evidenced by its more restrained military policy with respect to political instability in the Middle East (e.g. Libya and Syria), and the transition of its “War on Terror” into a drone war waged from a Nevada bunker.

The gap left by America's unwieldiness to confront the problems of the world ushered in China and Russia  to counterbalance the United States and restore proper equilibrium to the international system. This is well manifested in the willingness of Russia and China to deploy  and threaten the use of  military force to further their national interest thereby  challenging the existing world security order.  
Whether is China in the South China Sea or Russia in Ukraine,Syria and Iran both have demonstrated a militaristic disposition to resolving international affairs while presently actively supporting U.S. enemies, therefore challenging the existing world order. So high is this new found confidence that China and Russia now compete to arm anti-democratic and anti-U.S. regimes in Latin

America, in order to gain access to traditional American territories a thing not heard before time.Notable also  only  china and Russia are cooperating with Nicaragua to build a transoceanic canal which will  yield port access to Russian and Chinese warships.

The United States  lone superpower status presently is being increasingly challenged and could  be lost completely in the coming decade or so .Great empires such as  Britain, Spain, Rome, Persia, Babylon and Egypt have been here and later faded to history.Is America following their footsteps ? or  is its future more secure than before now ? the coming years will definitely have an answer to this.


References

Abu Fadil, M. 1992 Special Feature: The Terrorists Won't Go Away. The Middle East 217(Nov-ember):15-18.
Atkinson, S. E., T. Sandler and J. Tschirhart  1987 Terrorism in a Bargaining Framework. The Journal of Law and Economics 30:1-21.Hutchinson, Revolutionary Terrorism, chap. 3, pp. 40-60.


Michael Walzer's analysis of the morality of terrorism in Just and Unjust Wars (New York, 1977), pp. 197-206.


Abahussain, A.A., Abdu, A.S., Al-Zubari, W.K., El-Deen, N.A. and Abdul-Raheem, M. (2002).
Desertification in the Arab Region: analysis of current status and trends. Journal of Arid Environments 51, 521–545
Vol. 11, No. 3, November 2000 Asian Reactions to U.S. Missile Defense, by Michael J. Green and Toby F. Dalton
Vol. 8, No. 2, May 1997 Multilateralism: Is There an Asia-Pacific Way? by Amitav Acharya
Vol. 6, No. 4, December 1995 Central Asia’s Foreign Policy and Security Challenges: Implications for the United States, by Rajan Menon
Vol. 6, No. 4, December 1995 Central Asia’s Foreign Policy and Security Challenges: Implications for the United States, by Rajan Menon

The evolution of Islamic terrorism: an over review  by john moore 2008




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